Why would you include a counter-argument in your essay? Do not just write a quick sentence and then immediately rebut it.
It also shows that you are a reasonable person who has considered both sides of the debate. Top A counter-argument should be expressed thoroughly, fairly and objectively.
Therefore, the fact that they didnt learn about the causes of racism, together with this other information, actually supports the claim that students need to learn what causes racism.
(Here again theres a faulty assumption, implied but not stated: Previous generations supposedly did function adequately in civic life.
The response shows that that assumption is incorrect.) Top Sometimes you come up with a counter-argument that you think is true that you think responds to your actual argument, not some other point.
Then you are faced with a choice: Do you abandon your thesis and adopt the counter-argument as your position?Dont use biased language or stack the deck when presenting their position.Readers see through that sort of thing pretty quickly.(The other approach, to use sarcasm and satire to expose mistaken ideas, is very powerful, but should be used with care, especially before youve mastered the art of rhetoric.) Top One of the most effective ways to rebut a counter-argument is to show that it is based on faulty assumptions.Either the facts are wrong, the analysis is incorrect, or the values it is based on are not acceptable. Furthermore, some counter-arguments are simply irrelevant, usually because they are actually responding to a different argument.The response would be to point out this value, state why you dont share it and state why you dont think your readers do either.Of course, values are both deeply personal and extremely varied, so youre always going to have some readers who do not share yours.Another response would be to show that students must understand the past as well as the present to function adequately in civic life.) Top you racist.The response would be that understanding the causes of a problem is not the same as causing or creating the problem.Obviously, if you really believe the position expressed in your thesis, you will not be able to be completely objective in how you express the counter-argumentbut you should try.One of the most common purposes of counter-argument is to address positions that many people hold but that you think are mistaken.