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The noseband and reins were removed from the bridles, leaving the bit attached to the head piece via the cheek pieces.The bits used were a mixture of single and double jointed loose ring snaffles.Introducing the bit is traditionally one of the most important training procedures in a young horse’s life.
While there has been recent work investigating bit design for improved comfort in the horses’ mouth, there is little research surrounding the stress responses to the introduction of the bit for the first time.
A student dissertation project from Nicole Bradley at the Bishop Burton College in East Yorkshire, UK, led by Caroline Benoist, Ph D, set out to assess the stress response of previously unbitted young horses to traditional bitting techniques.
If you are a current ISES member, you can also request to join the discussions on the closed Facebook group, ISES Members Forum. International Society for Equitation Science Conference Proceedings can be downloaded from this page https://equitationscience.com/conferences/ ISES Hon.
- ENDS- Words: 974 Notes for Editor: Researchers: N. President Janne Winther Christensen [email protected] Media Officer Kate Fenner [email protected] the date of August 19-21 for the 2019 ISES conference being held in Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
Investigating procedures to optimise this introduction could lead to benefits in performance and, in some instances, improvements in welfare.
Many working horses exhibit expressions of mouth discomfort such as opening mouth, teeth grinding or crossing the jaw when a bit is used and these behaviours could be indicative of pain, or poor training.In all cases the handler stood facing forwards on the horses’ left side and presented the bit, then placed their thumb in the left corner of the horse’s mouth to cause the mouth to open so the bit could be introduced.All horses remained tied up using a headcollar and lead rope over the bridle for the first minute after bitting, they were then let loose in their stable for five minutes.Behaviours were assessed ranging from 1 (very relaxed: jaw and lower lip relaxed, no bit or mouth movement, soft/slightly closed eyes) to 5 (very anxious: mouth open for extended periods, opening/closing repetitively, teeth grinding, eye whites visible). Although heart rates showed a significant increase between the baseline and all other timepoints on Day 1, Day 2 and Day 3, no significant change was recorded in either eye temperature or observed behaviour after bitting over the three days.No differences were identified between the two bit designs.Researcher Rebecca Brassington presented their findings at the 14 International Society of Equitation Science (ISES) conference in Rome last month.Eleven horses – seven geldings and four mares – with an average age of 3.5 were introduced to the bit using a traditional method, over three consecutive days.Check the ISES website for conference updates https://equitationscience.com/conferences/. Bishop Burton College, Beverley, East Yorkshire, UK 2.To stay informed about the International Society of Equitation Science, sign up for our email news at like the ISES Facebook page for updates. The NS Academy, Stokesley, North Yorkshire, UK Email Rebecca Brassington: [email protected] DISCLAIMER: Conference presentations are based on new, unpublished results and may be pilot studies and preliminary findings that require further investigation.Graduate school pundits often cite 50% or more as the attrition rate for ABD students (those who have completed All the requirements of their programs But the Dissertation). This handout will not only answer this question, but also give you good, practical advice on starting, drafting, and completing your dissertation.The Writing Center can’t advise you about technical questions (for example, how to force Microsoft Word to set up tables correctly or format page numbers the way you want), but we know people who may be able to! Why don’t doctoral candidates manage to get rolling on the dissertation any sooner, or KEEP rolling once they get started?