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For this, one of the teachers from the nursery worked with the experimenter, to rate each child's personality and attempt to construct well balanced groups.
During the 1960's, there was a lot of concern and debate about whether a child's development was down to genetics, environmental factors or social learning from others around them.
For this purpose, Bandura designed the Bobo Doll Experiment to try and prove that children would copy an adult role model's behavior.
Children were chosen as subjects for the study, because they have less social conditioning; they have also had less instruction and teaching of the rules of society than adult subjects.
For the Bobo Doll Experiment, Bandura selected a number of children from the local Stanford Nursery School, varying in age from 3 to 6 years, with the average age being 4 years and 4 months.
The child was then taken into yet another room filled with interesting toys, some of an aggressive type, some non-aggressive; the room also contained the Bobo doll and the mallet.
The subject was watched through a one-way mirror, and a number of types of behavior were assessed.
Television, computer games, food additives, music and the lack of role models are all cited as reasons for a supposed breakdown in society, and an increased tendency towards violence.
These concerns have existed for many years, even before the media turned these factors into sensationalist stories, to try and sell more newspapers.
For the children in group two, after one minute of playing with the toys, the adult would begin to verbally and physically attack the doll for a period of 10 minutes.
For the third group tested, the adult would sit quietly and play peacefully with the toys for ten minutes.