Critical Thinking 9th Edition

Critical Thinking 9th Edition-4
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The readings present pressing current topics as well as philosophical questions at the heart of society.

A dedicated section offers a variety of perspectives on argument.

Enhancements include an expanded vocabulary for critical thinking, instruction on writing critical summaries, guidance on how to confront unfamiliar issues with a critical eye, new reading strategies, and additional techniques for generating essay topics.

New "Thinking Critically" activities throughout the text prompt students to apply critical thinking, reading, and writing concepts in the book via interactive exercises.

Choosing a Topic Finding Material Finding Quality Information Online Finding Articles Using Library Databases Locating Books Interviewing Peers and Local Authorities Evaluating Your Sources Taking Notes A CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING PRINT SOURCESA CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING ELECTRONIC SOURCESA Note on Plagiarizing, Paraphrasing, and Using Common Knowledge A CHECKLIST FOR AVOIDING PLAGIARISMCompiling an Annotated Bibliography A Rule for Writers: Citation Generators Writing the Paper Organizing Your Notes The First Draft Later Drafts A Few More Words about Organization Choosing a Tentative Title The Final Draft Quoting from Sources Incorporating Your Reading into Your Thinking: The Art and Science of Synthesis The Use and Abuse of Quotations How to Quote*THINKING CRITICALLY: USING SIGNAL PHRASESA CHECKLIST FOR USING QUOTATIONS RATHER THAN SUMMARIESDocumentation A Note on Footnotes (and Endnotes)MLA Format: Citations within the Text MLA Format: The List of Works Cited, APA Format: Citations within the Text APA Format: The List of References, A CHECKLIST FOR PAPERS USING SOURCESAn Annotated Student Research Paper in MLA Format LESLEY TIMMERMAN, An Argument for Corporate Responsibility An Annotated Student Research Paper in APA Format LAURA De VEAU, The Role of Spirituality and Religion in Mental Health Part Three FURTHER VIEWS ON ARGUMENT8 A Philosopher’s View: The Toulmin Model The Claim Grounds Warrants Backing Modal Qualifiers Rebuttals*THINKING CRITICALLY: CONSTRUCTING A TOULMIN ARGUMENTPutting the Toulmin Method to Work: Responding to an Argument JAMES E.

Mc WILLIAMS, The Locavore Myth: Why Buying from Nearby Farmers Won’t Save the Planet A CHECKLIST FOR USING THE TOULMIN METHODThinking with Toulmin’s Method9 A Logician’s View: Deduction, Induction, Fallacies Deduction Induction Observation and Inference Probability Mill’s Methods Confirmation, Mechanism, and Theory Fallacies Fallacies of Ambiguity Fallacies of Presumption Fallacies of Relevance A CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING AN ARGUMENT FROM A LOGICAL POINT OF VIEWMAX SHULMAN, Love Is a Fallacy10 A Psychologist’s View: Rogerian Argument Rogerian Argument: An Introduction CARL R.LAWRENCE III, On Racist Speech DEREK BOK, Protecting Freedom of Expression on the Campus Thinking Further: Freedom of Expression and Social Media3 Critical Reading: Getting Deeper into Arguments Persuasion, Argument, Dispute*THINKING CRITICALLY: ESTABLISHING TRUSTWORTHINESS AND CREDIBILITYReason versus Rationalization Some Procedures in Argument Definition*THINKING CRITICALLY: GIVING DEFINITIONSAssumptions Premises and Syllogisms Deduction Sound Arguments Induction Evidence: Experimentation, Examples, Authoritative Testimony, Statistics A CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING STATISTICAL EVIDENCENonrational Appeals Satire, Irony, Sarcasm, Humor Emotional Appeals Does All Writing Contain Arguments?A CHECKLIST FOR ANALYZING AN ARGUMENTAn Example: An Argument and a Look at the Writer’s Strategies GEORGE F. Wills’s Strategies Arguments for Analysis STANLEY FISH, When " Identity Politics" Is Rational GLORIA JIMÉNEZ, Against the Odds, and against the Common Good (Student Essay)ANNA LISA RAYA, It’s Hard Enough Being Me (Student Essay)RONALD TAKAKI, The Harmful Myth of Asian Superiority KAYLA WEBLEY, Is Forgiving Student Loan Debt a Good Idea?Readings (44 in all) provide material for an entire course.Selections are included throughout the text portion, and a casebook on the state and the individual is included in Part Four.KRISTOF, For Environmental Balance, Pick Up a Rifle*THINKING CRITICALLY: DRAWING CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLYING PROOFThe Essay Analyzed BETSY SWINTON, Tracking Kristof (Student Essay)An Analysis of the Student’s Analysis A CHECKLIST FOR WRITING AN ANALYSIS OF AN ARGUMENTArguments for Analysis JEFF JACOBY, Bring Back Flogging GERARD JONES, Violent Media Is Good for Kids JUSTIN CRONIN, Confessions of a Liberal Gun Owner PETER SINGER, Animal Liberation*JONATHAN SAFRAN FOER, Let Them Eat Dog: A Modest Proposal for Tossing Fido in the Oven6 Developing an Argument of Your Own Planning, Drafting, and Revising an Argument Getting Ideas: Argument as an Instrument of Inquiry *Three Brainstorming Strategies: Freewriting, Listing, and Diagramming The Thesis or Main Point A CHECKLIST FOR A THESIS STATEMENTImagining an Audience The Audience as Collaborator A CHECKLIST FOR IMAGINING AN AUDIENCEThe Title The Opening Paragraphs Organizing and Revising the Body of the Essay The Ending*THINKING CRITICALLY: USING TRANSITIONS IN ARGUMENTTwo Uses of an Outline A Last Word about Outlines A CHECKLIST FOR ORGANIZING AN ARGUMENTTone and the Writer’s Persona*THINKING CRITICALLY: VARYING TONEWe, One, or I?A CHECKLIST FOR ATTENDING TO THE NEEDS OF THE AUDIENCEAvoiding Sexist Language Peer Review A PEER REVIEW CHECKLIST FOR A DRAFT OF AN ARGUMENTA Student’s Essay, from Rough Notes to Final Version EMILY ANDREWS, Why I Don’t Spare "Spare Change" (Student Essay)The Essay Analyzed7 Using Sources Why Use Sources?This chapter has been expanded to discuss how to analyze images rhetorically, including how to recognize and resist the meanings of images, how to identify visual emotional appeals, and the difference between passively seeing and actively looking."Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing is an affordable, concise textbook that focuses on all the important concepts students need to know to be successful writers in college and beyond." —Africa Fine, Palm Beach State College"Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing is a relevant text that helps educate the student not only in writing, but in critical thinking and examining assumptions as well." —Christine Brooks, Community College of Vermont Preface Part One CRITICAL THINKING AND READING1 Critical Thinking*Thinking Through an Issue: Gay Marriage Licenses*On Flying Spaghetti Monsters: Analyzing and Evaluating from Multiple Perspectives*Critical Thinking at Work: A Student’s Essay, Developed From A Cluster And A List*Stirred and Strained: Pastafarians Should Be Allowed to Practice in Prison (Student Essay)*The Essay Analyzed Generating Ideas: Writing as a Way of Thinking*Confronting Unfamiliar Issues *Topics NINA FEDOROFF, The Genetically Engineered Salmon is a Boon for Consumers and Sustainability*THINKING CRITICALLY: GENERATING TOPICSA CHECKLIST FOR CRITICAL THINKING*A Short Essay Calling for Critical Thinking*LYNN STUART PARRAMORE, Fitbits for Bosses Overall View of the Essay Examining Assumptions A CHECKLIST FOR EXAMINING ASSUMPTIONSJENA Mc GREGOR, Military Women in Combat: Why Making It Official Matters2 Critical Reading: Getting Started Active Reading Previewing*A Short Essay for Previewing Practice*SANJAY GUPTA, Why I Changed My Mind on Weed*THINKING CRITICALLY: PREVIEWING*The "First and Last" Rule Reading with a Careful Eye: Underlining, Highlighting, Annotating"This; Therefore, That"*Defining Terms and Concepts*THINKING CRITICALLY: DEFINING TERMS AND CONCEPTSSummarizing and Paraphrasing Paraphrase, Patchwriting, and Plagiarism A CHECKLIST FOR A PARAPHRASEStrategies for Summarizing*Critical Summary SUSAN JACOBY, A First Amendment Junkie Summarizing Jacoby A CHECKLIST FOR GETTING STARTEDEssays for Analysis ZACHARY SHEMTOB AND DAVID LAT, Executions Should Be Televised GWEN WILDE, Why the Pledge of Allegiance Should Be Revised (Student Essay)A Casebook for Critical Reading: Should Some Kinds of Speech Be Censored?ALFRED EDMOND JR., Why Asking for a Job Applicant’s Facebook Password Is Fair Game SHERRY TURKLE, The Flight from Conversation4 Visual Rhetoric: Thinking about Images as Arguments Uses of Visual Images Types of Emotional Appeals*Seeing vs.Looking: Reading Advertisements A CHECKLIST FOR ANALYZING IMAGES (ESPECIALLY ADVERTISEMENTS)*Other Aspects of Visual Appeals Levels of Images*Accommodating, Resisting, and Negotiating the Meaning of Images Are Some Images Not Fit to Be Shown?


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