Developments In Transportation Essay

Developments In Transportation Essay-4
Thus, the English had their own ideas about transport and communication.However, the need of the Company indirectly served for welfare of the Indian mase.By establishing factories or trade centers on coast lines and river mouths, the English merchants carried on trade with nearby accessible territories.

Thus, the English had their own ideas about transport and communication.However, the need of the Company indirectly served for welfare of the Indian mase.

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In the mean time, the Industrial Revolution had created a powerful capitalist class in England who were willing for investment of their surplus capital what rich dividend would be assured.

Such investors found the construction of railways as the best channel for investment.

It was Rowland Macdonald Stephenson who argued that railways would be the easy and cheap means of transport for British industrial goods to the markets of interior India and for the raw materials to the sea-ports.

Thus, the prospects for construction of proposed railways looked very much lucrative for the English merchants.

For this reason, there was no compulsion to search for better transport and communication system.

On land, bullock carts, pack-horses, donkeys, camels and even head loads comprised the means of transport.

Before the British rule, Indian transport and communication system was backward in comparison to the Western countries.

There were no roads and no railway to connect distance places. The self-sufficient village economy was enough to meet the day to day needs of the people.

Some of the important cities, ports and, markets were connected by roads.

But Lord William Bethink first initiated the project to connect Calcutta (Kolkata) with the frontier provinces of India.

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