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Section 9 refers to the absurdity of people’s intention to violate the Universal rules because this order determines the existence of man. Pope highlights that man’s body is natural and a soul is divine.
God is superior to everything and everyone mentioned above.
The same situation is in the gradation of flair – instinct – thought – reflection – reason. The Great chain of things is perfect, and each organism is vital for its existence.
At the bottom of the chain is earth and minerals followed by various plants and animals. Then go the subgroup of domestic animals are and after them – birds, fish, and insects.
A human is above all of them, but inferior to angels.
It functions constantly and uninterruptedly and will do it eternally in accordance with natural laws.
A human is somewhere below the angels but above the animals and plants.“An Essay on Man,” being well-structured and carefully thought out, has its own history.Alexander Pope’s oeuvre refers to the Enlightenment era, the age of Reason and Science.Doubt is our enemy, although being an indispensable part of our conscience.We always find something that we can question, and often think: “Something is wrong here …” Indeed, who we are to doubt His plans? Throughout the world, the hierarchy and subordination are everywhere.Voltaire admired Pope and his writings and put Horace inferior to “An Essay on Man.” This is due to Voltaire that the first French translation of this work appeared under the title “Discours en vers sur l’homme” (1738).Candide’s author considered it to be the most elevated didactic poem that has ever been written in any language.But being imperfect, we nevertheless are suitable for this ideal system.Section 3 describes another important issue – that the happiest is a person who is completely ignorant of his or her future.In the introduction, we learn that the reason Pope wrote this work was to “vindicate the ways of God to Man.” Another important statement is that a man is fated to be born, to do something not very useful for the universe and die. Sections 1-2 are about author’s contemplations on the nature of a human being and recognition of the existence of a Supreme Power.He claims that everything in this universe is perfectly structured being meticulously hierarchically harmonized.