Essay On Moses Maimonides

Essay On Moses Maimonides-38
Maimonides in turn influenced scholastic writers: the Dominican theologians, St Albertus Magnus and St Thomas Aquinas, and later philosophers like Benedict (Baruch) de Spinoza and G. Yet he also symbolises an age of amazing cross-fertilisation between the sister faiths of Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Moshe ben Maimon (Hebrew: רבי משה בן מיימון; Arabic: موسى بن ميمون بن عبد الله القرطبي الإسرائيلي / Mussa bin Maimun ibn Abdallah al-Kurtubi al-Israili; 1135 or 1138 – 12 December 1204), commonly known as Moses Maimonides, was a Jewish rabbi, physician, and philosopher.

Maimonides in turn influenced scholastic writers: the Dominican theologians, St Albertus Magnus and St Thomas Aquinas, and later philosophers like Benedict (Baruch) de Spinoza and G. Yet he also symbolises an age of amazing cross-fertilisation between the sister faiths of Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Moshe ben Maimon (Hebrew: רבי משה בן מיימון; Arabic: موسى بن ميمون بن عبد الله القرطبي الإسرائيلي / Mussa bin Maimun ibn Abdallah al-Kurtubi al-Israili; 1135 or 1138 – 12 December 1204), commonly known as Moses Maimonides, was a Jewish rabbi, physician, and philosopher.The Rambam’s legacy was not restricted to the Jewish world.

In many respects he defined normative Judaism, both in his own Sephardi world and in the rabbinical Ashkenazi academies.

Maimonides is equally cherished as a medical pioneer.

In Hebrew he is called by the name Rambam which is an acronym for Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (with vowels added in to make it possible to pronounce the word).

Rambam’s impact on Judaism was (and is) immense, and he probably affected Judaism more than any other individual Jew during the last 2,000 years.

The rabbi’s most loved book is Dalalat al-ha’Irin – ‘Guide for the Perplexed’ (translated into Hebrew as Moreh Nevuchim).

It addresses everyday moral dilemmas and synthesises Jewish revelation with Aristotelian philosophy.However, in 1148 the Almohads (a fanatical Muslim group originating from northern Africa) conquered Cordoba and replaced the previous Muslim regime; the ‘protection’ was withdrawn and Jews were forced to choose between death and conversion to Islam.Maimonides’ family left Cordoba and, after a period, came to Fez in Morocco.It was said that if the moon came to him as a patient, he could cure her of her spots!He wrote with extraordinary foresight about how cleanliness could prevent disease; gave advice on sexual hygiene; and compiled lists of cures for illnesses and fevers. While himself a scholar of the Kabbalah, he warned against its abuse by less-knowledgeable people.In 1165 Maimonides went to Palestine, but soon afterwards settled in Fustat, near Cairo in Egypt, where he was court physician to the Sultan Saladin.He was also the nagid (head) of the Egyptian Jewish community.This pithy book was intended make the laws accessible to common people.Yeshiva (rabbinical college) students use it to this day.Many have tried, but no one has succeeded completely.Moses Maimonides is the English name for Moshe ben Maimon.

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