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The second author is listed by initials first, followed by surname.Notice that when using the Harvard system, the year of publication is positioned after the author names.
Notice that the year of publication has now been positioned towards the end of the reference for books and before the volume, part/issue and page number details for journals.In the Numeric system of referencing, numbers inserted in the text refer to a numerical sequence of references at the end.The first reference is numbered 1, the second 2, and so on.Academic disciplines have varying expectations for how to list citation information.In some instances, even two journals in the same field will use different styles.(2) APA style, defined by the American Psychological Association, is most common in the social sciences.Although the author’s name is an important element in APA citations, this style emphasizes the year the source was published, rather than the page number, which allows a reader to see quickly how the research you’re writing about has evolved over time.Chicago style is especially popular in historical research.When developing a historical explanation from multiple primary sources, using footnotes instead of inserting parenthetical information allows the reader to focus on the evidence instead of being distracted by the publication information about that evidence.There are many styles of referencing; the two most common systems are Harvard and Numeric. In the text use the surname(s) of the author(s) and the year of publication.References should then be listed alphabetically by author at the end of the work, with the year of publication placed immediately after the author's name.