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Once Newman had an idea, it seems, he liked to work out all the variations.”His bottom line: “In a more ethical world, to spend tens of millions of dollars on works of art would be status-lowering, not status-enhancing.”There is an essay about how to keep a New Year’s resolution.
More recently he has been interested in effective altruism, which asks: How can we use what we have to help others the most? In his book “The Life You Can Save” (2009) and elsewhere, he has argued that if relatively affluent Westerners do not regularly donate at least a sliver of our incomes to aid agencies, to prevent the unnecessary deaths of millions of people worldwide, we are in the moral wrong. In his new book, “Ethics in the Real World: 82 Brief Essays on Things That Matter,” Mr. He believes we should allow for three categories on passports and other documents: “male, female, and indeterminate.” He further argues that the world would be a better place if humans were not so often asked to proclaim their sex on forms.
Singer picks up the topics of animal rights and poverty amelioration and runs quite far with them. He leans in favor of permitting adult incest because for him, an essential question is always this one: “When someone proposes making something a criminal offense, we should always ask: who is harmed?
Most of the times, it is experiences and the way a person is brought up that decide his actions and hence his morality and ethics.
Social ethics and moral values have been deteriorating over time.
In his influential memoir, “Hillbilly Elegy” (2016), J. Vance explains why some middle-class Americans turned against Michelle Obama.
The first lady, he writes, “tells us that we shouldn’t be feeding our children certain foods, and we hate her for it — not because we think she’s wrong, but because we know she’s right.”It is possible to dislike the philosopher Peter Singer — born in Australia, he teaches at Princeton University — along similar lines.It is correct to define them as the norms and the customs that guide the conduct and the way of life towards good, and beliefs are exhibited through acts of good and bad deeds.Now ethics are the actions of a person in conscious and represent his free form of being not by seeing how they are performed, but seeking a judgment on whether the act is ethically right or wrong.A person doing bad deeds at the same time may always consider it right in adaptation to the society he lives but is actually having bad morals.If the ethical and moral values of a person have declined, he will never feel any shame of fear in performing a wrong deed or even a heinous crime as it is something appropriate by his morals and ethics.But he’s written better and more fully about these issues elsewhere; they are not the primary reason to come to this book.“Ethics in the Real World” comprises short pieces, most of them previously published. ”In one of my favorite passages, he zeros in on those who pay many millions of dollars for paintings while people are starving. Writing about the sale of paintings by artists like Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko and Andy Warhol for obscene sums at Christie’s, he declares: “Why would anyone want to pay tens of millions of dollars for works like these?This book is interesting because it offers a chance to witness this influential thinker grapple with more offbeat questions. They are not beautiful, nor do they display great artistic skill.There are some instances where I could have done a better job presenting my ideas, but for the most part I’m satisfied.I told my professor about what I write here on medium, and like most people, he seemed uninterested.At least he writes, “To the best of my knowledge, there is no Nazi-themed restaurant in New York; nor is there a Gestapo or SS bar.”Late in this book, Mr.Singer reports that one of his daughters once asked him, during a car ride, “Would you rather that we were clever or that we were happy? Singer finds moral behavior to be its own kind of cleverness, and certainly happy-making.