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But the key here is to look at the facts and the reasons for particular claims.Be open to hearing what voices from a wide range of views have to say on a particular issue.Some of these may seem obvious, but far too often I see these principles misapplied by even the smartest people I know.
We can hear claim X, and claim Y, and filter through these claims, if we follow certain general guidelines of logic and reason.
In this article, I will go over just a few of these key guidelines.
So few people are even willing to hear opposing viewpoints for themselves in political, social, and even scientific dialogues.
People usually assume that they already know what the other person is going to say, before they even say it.
But if we are honest with ourselves, most people do not know how to think critically about claims that they hear.
Most of us follow our preferred media sources, and usually these are media sources that agree with our worldview.
He must be able to hear them from persons who actually believe them…he must know them in their most plausible and persuasive form.”― John Stuart Mill, On Liberty C. Lewis had a similar quote lamenting the echo chambers of universities.“In any fairly large and talkative community such as a university, there is always the danger that those who think alike should gravitate together into where they will henceforth encounter opposition only in the emasculated form of rumour that the outsiders say thus and thus.
The absent are easily refuted, complacent dogmatism thrives, and differences of opinion are embittered by group hostility.
Yet through her interactions with other people online, she came to the point where she found the worldview she’d grown up in to be wrong.
Reaching Out From The Cave As with the Allegory of The Cave, we should always be seeking Truth, trying to reach higher and higher in our understanding of the world around us.