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Some of this work is great, and this greatness might seem, at first glance, to undermine Orwell’s point.But great works of literature are always a miracle, and they are usually dissonant with their environment, which might be what allows them to transcend time and, in translation, space.One might reasonably suspect, though, that censorship and fear were to blame, that better writing existed but had to be hidden.
Or of Vasily Grossman’s Second World War novel “Life and Fate,” whose existence wasn’t exposed until the nineteen-seventies.
There was, indeed, a literature in hiding then, including poems whose manuscripts were destroyed almost as soon as they were written, committed to memory until a time when they could be made public.
In 1989, as the longest-running totalitarian experiment in the world, the U. He concluded that the Soviet person’s very self-concept depended on a constant negotiation of mutually exclusive perceptions: the Soviet person identified strongly with the great Soviet state and its grand experiment, and yet felt himself to be insignificant; he worshipped at the altar of modernity and progress, and yet lived in conditions of enforced poverty, often deprived of modern conveniences that even the poor in the West had come to take for granted; he believed in egalitarianism and resented evident inequality, yet accepted the extreme hierarchical order and rigid class structure of Soviet society.
To live in his world—simply to function day to day, balancing between contradictory perceptions—the Soviet person had to engage in constant negotiations.
Even a single taboo can have an all-round crippling effect upon the mind, because there is always the danger that any thought which is freely followed up may lead to the forbidden thought.
It follows that the atmosphere of totalitarianism is deadly to any kind of prose writer.” Note that he is once again talking about the of totalitarianism: the lived experience rather than the mechanics of it.George Orwell’s 5 Rules for Effective Writing – [Pick Your Brain] Politics and the English Language – [Orwell.ru] In this episode, we talk with Dr.Kyler Shumway, Doctor of Clinical Psychology and author of The Friendship Formula: How to Say Goodbye to Loneliness and Discover Deeper Connection. Shumway was a target of bullying; he also found himself plagued with social anxiety, which he still battles today, yet also uses as an empowering guide to help others overcome social anxiety and form solid, lasting friendships within their own lives. Shumway is an advocate for friendship and believes that: “…It killed as it saved, and that, too, is doublethink.But perhaps Orwell’s most valuable observation in this essay concerns instability.“What is new in totalitarianism,” he wrote, “is that its doctrines are not only unchallengeable but also unstable.They have to be accepted on the pain of damnation, but on the other hand, they are always liable to be altered on a moment’s notice.” Orwell had observed the disfavor and disappearance of prominent Bolsheviks and the resulting adjustments to the official narratives of the Revolution—the endlessly changing and vanishing commissars.It would follow that, as with the perpetual lie, this literature-deadening effect can outlast state terror. But Orwell notes that “literature has sometimes flourished under despotic regimes.” It is having to cater to the instability imposed by totalitarianism—having to constantly adjust one’s world view—that is murderous to the writer, or at least to the writing.Orwell’s assessment is based on his own intuition but also on the observation that little literature of note came out of Nazi Germany or Soviet Russia.The subject of the totalitarian regime must accept them not as truth—must not, in fact, believe them—but accept them both as lies and as the only available reality. Just as Orwell predicted, over time the totalitarian regime destroys the very concept, the very possibility of truth.Hannah Arendt identified this as one of the effects of totalitarian propaganda: it makes everything conceivable because “nothing is true.”As for what he called “schizophrenia,” this, too, has been borne out. R., neared what then appeared to have been its demise, a great sociologist named Yuri Levada and his team undertook a large study of Soviet society.