A physician can physically examine the spine and take x-rays to check for retrolisthesis.
If a slippage is found, the doctor may refer the patient to a specialist for a more thorough assessment.
If the slipped vertebra is pressing on a nerve, pain might spread down the leg to the foot.
Spondylolisthesis is the displacement of one vertebra compared to another.
Spondylolisthesis can also cause muscle spasms in the hamstring muscles in the back of the thighs.
Tight hamstrings can cause the person to walk with short strides and with the knees slightly bent.
The location of the displacement largely determines the types of symptoms a person might experience.
Cervical retrolisthesis can lead to chronic dull neck pain and tenderness.
A radiologist determines the degree of slippage upon reviewing spinal X-rays.
Slippage is graded I through IV: Generally, Grade I and Grade II slips do not require surgery and are treated medically.