Even the most logical structure is of little use if readers do not see and understand it as they progress through a paper. Most Materials and Methods sections are boring to read, yet they need not be.Thus, as you organize the body of your paper into sections and perhaps subsections, remember to prepare your readers for the structure ahead at all levels. To make this section interesting, explain the choices you made in your experimental procedure: What justifies using a given compound, concentration, or dimension?
Even the most logical structure is of little use if readers do not see and understand it as they progress through a paper. Most Materials and Methods sections are boring to read, yet they need not be.Tags: Rosalind Franklin Essay CompetitionTeam Problem Solving ExercisesPicture Of HomeworkCreative Writing CollegeWhat Is Methodology In Research ProposalBusiness Law Term Paper TopicsDo My Physics HomeworkHow To Develop A Thesis Statement For A Research Paper
In the Introduction section, state the motivation for the work presented in your paper and prepare readers for the structure of the paper.
Write four components, probably (but not necessarily) in four paragraphs: context, need, task, and object of the document.
This sentence expresses first the objective, then the action undertaken to reach this objective, thus creating a strong and elegant connection between need and task.
Here are three examples of such a combination: An Introduction is usually clearer and more logical when it separates what the authors have done (the task) from what the paper itself attempts or covers (the object of the document).
As such, they are critical to the evolution of modern science, in which the work of one scientist builds upon that of others.
To reach their goal, papers must aim to inform, not impress.
In other words, the task clarifies your contribution as a scientist, whereas the object of the document prepares readers for the structure of the paper, thus allowing focused or selective reading. " Although papers can be organized into sections in many ways, those reporting experimental work typically include Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion in their body.
For the task, the effects of a range of inhibitors of connexin channels, such as the connexin mimetic peptides Gap26 and Gap27 and anti-peptide antibodies, on calcium signaling in cardiac cells and He La cells expressing connexins. In any case, the paragraphs in these sections should begin with a topic sentence to prepare readers for their contents, allow selective reading, and — ideally — get a message across.
Scientific papers typically have two audiences: first, the referees, who help the journal editor decide whether a paper is suitable for publication; and second, the journal readers themselves, who may be more or less knowledgeable about the topic addressed in the paper.
To be accepted by referees and cited by readers, papers must do more than simply present a chronological account of the research work.