Smoking Research Paper

Smoking Research Paper-85
Children exposed to secondhand smoke are at an increased risk of SIDS, ear infections, colds, pneumonia, and bronchitis.

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Both of these shifts may be due to changes in cigarette design and composition, in how tobacco leaves are cured, and in how deeply smokers inhale cigarette smoke and the toxicants it contains (1, 8).

Smoking makes it harder for a woman to get pregnant.

Breathing even a little tobacco smoke can be harmful (1-4).

Of the more than 7,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 250 are known to be harmful, including hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, and ammonia (1, 2, 5).

Smoking causes cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx, mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, cervix, colon, and rectum, as well as acute myeloid leukemia (1–3).

Smoking also causes heart disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm (a balloon-like bulge in an artery in the chest), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), diabetes, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, age-related macular degeneration, and cataracts, and worsens asthma symptoms in adults.Being exposed to secondhand smoke slows the growth of children’s lungs and can cause them to cough, wheeze, and feel breathless (2, 4). Nicotine is the drug primarily responsible for a person’s addiction to tobacco products, including cigarettes.The addiction to cigarettes and other tobacco products that nicotine causes is similar to the addiction produced by using drugs such as heroin and cocaine (13).Nicotine is present naturally in the tobacco plant.But tobacco companies intentionally design cigarettes to have enough nicotine to create and sustain addiction.Mortality rates among smokers are about three times higher than among people who have never smoked (6, 7).Smoking harms nearly every bodily organ and organ system in the body and diminishes a person’s overall health.The value of this study lies in the finding that cigarette smoking among highly educated individuals in China is on the rise and vigorous research on the smoking behavior of this group should be a high priority. Tobacco smoke contains many chemicals that are harmful to both smokers and nonsmokers.Among the 250 known harmful chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 69 can cause cancer.These cancer-causing chemicals include the following (1, 2, 5): Smoking is the leading cause of premature, preventable death in this country.


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