Synthesising Scientific Method

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Questions were tailored for each of four theory/intervention areas within the theoretical framework and were used to guide development of a review and data extraction process.

The search for literature within our first theory area, change agency, was executed and the screening procedure resulted in inclusion of 52 papers.

We can then make observations and comparisons between our controls and our independent variables (things that change in the experiment) to develop an accurate conclusion.​ The results are where you report what happened in the experiment.

That includes detailing all observations and data made during your experiment.

’ The strengths and challenges of conducting realist review are also considered.

The realist approach involves identifying underlying causal mechanisms and exploring how they work under what conditions.It states the purpose of your experiment, the variables used, and the predicted outcome of your experiment.It is important to note that a hypothesis must be testable.This is very important if you are doing a science project because you want your project to be focused on something that will hold your attention.Your observation can be on anything from plant movement to animal behavior, as long as it is something you really want to know more about.​ This is where you come up with the idea for your science project.Using the questions relevant to this theory area, data were extracted by one reviewer and validated by a second reviewer.Synthesis involved organisation of extracted data into evidence tables, theming and formulation of chains of inference, linking between the chains of inference, and hypothesis formulation.It is important that you include and identify a controlled variable or dependent variable in your procedure.Controls allow us to test a single variable in an experiment because they are unchanged.Scientific inquiry starts with an observation followed by the formulation of a question about what has been observed.The steps of the scientific method are as follows: The first step of the scientific method involves making an observation about something that interests you.


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